Spain has an extensive museum network spread throughout the country. Spain has more than 3000 museums and museum collections. The most famous museum is the Prado Museum. Access to many Spanish museums is free, and for those who are not free, there are discounts for students, senior citizens and citizens of the European Union.
The Spanish beaches stretches for hundreds of miles, plus you can also enjoy water sports in Spain. The Canary Islands are an ideal place for surfers, and Mallorca is a great island for sailing.
For Spain you need a valid passport or a valid identity card. A visa is not required. As of June 26, 2012, all children need their own passport. An addition to the passport of a parent from that date is no longer valid. The Dutch registration certificate and green card are to be recognized.
The Spanish bullfighting dates back to antiquity. Despite many protests from around the world, this Spanish public entertainment (fiesta nacional) still continues with ever an increasing number of visitors. Bullfighting is an industry where many millions of euros is earned and where 170,000 employees are directly involved. In the Canary Islands the corridas are prohibited, as in some municipalities on the mainland
The Spanish siësta is between 14:00 and 17:00 hours, many shops are closed. The souvenir shops are open until 22 hours without lunch. On Sunday, only the shops and resorts (pastry) baker shops opened. The markets are generally open from 9-14 hours. Banks are usually open Monday / Friday from 8:30 or 9 to 14 or 14:30 and on Saturdays (not in summer) from 9-13 hours. Post Offices in cities and tourist centers are open Monday / Friday from 8.30-14.30 and from 17-20 or 20:30 (sometimes repeated) and on Saturdays from 9 or 9.30-13 or 13.30. Most gas stations along the (toll) motorways are open day and night or 6-24 hours
The capital of Spain is Madrid, a city with more than 3 million inhabitants located in the center of the country. Madrid is also the largest city of Spain.
The child-friendliness in Spain is at a high level, almost everyone is friendly to children
Due to the influences of the Mediterranean and the height on the Iberian peninsulathere is pretty much variation in the climate of Spain. Spain has four seasons: winter in December, January and February, spring in March, April and May, summer in June, July and August, autumn in September, October and November. The Canary Islands have a subtropical climate and have basically all year round great weather
The Spanish cuisine is very diverse and has many regional differences. Typical Spanish are wines and cavas, sausages such as chorizo, jamón serrano and jamón Iberico (Iberian ham), cheese, legumes, rice, Mediterranean vegetables and many sweets. The most famous Spanish dishes include tortillas, churros, paella, tapas, gazpacho, stews (cocidos) and calamares a la romana (fried squid). After Japanese are Spaniards the largest fishconsumers in the world. Typical Spanish drinks are sangria, horchata and clara (beer mixed with light sweet soda). The name sherry comes from the Andalusian town of Jerez de la Frontera
Spain is a mosaic of cultures. Cultural tourism is an alternative to sun and beach tourism, given the richness and quality of the museums, monuments, festivals and traditions, as the various exhibitions and cultural expressions. Spain also has the largest number of UNESCO World Heritage
Tourism is very important for the Spanish economy. As in many European countries, Spain is struggling at the moment with high unemployment and a trade deficit. In agriculture there are mainly grain, vegetables, citrus fruit and wine. Equally important for export is fishing. Industry (metal, machinery, cars, agricultural products, chemicals) shall contribute one third of the GDP, the services sector 60%
Education in Spain is compulsory for children between 6 and 14 years. In this period the students follow the common curriculum, the "Educación General Basica" (EGB). With the exception of training at a university is to follow public education at all levels at virtually no cost. A third of the number of students going to private schools that are owned by individuals or religious. De Educación the Distancia ", ensures that more and more people in later life can make use of the educational system, which applies to lower to university education. Scientific and cultural research is represented by the High Council for Scientific Research, a government institution
The voltage in Spain is 230 volts. You don't need an adapter. Sockets have two round holes and can be grounded or ungrounded
The Spanish fashion is mainly expressed during Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Madrid, where every year the most avant-garde creations of the national fashion scene gathers. Known Spanish fashion designers are: Jesús del Pozo, Adolfo Domínguez, Roberto Verino, Hannibal Laguna, Paco Rabanne and Pedro del Hierro
There are in Spain different species from Europe, Africa and the Mediterranean. The most common mammals include the wolf, fox, bergkat, lynx, deer and mountain goat. Spain is a major flyway for migratory birds that travel back and forth between Europe and Africa. The most common birds are ducks, flamingos, herons, cranes and grand staircases and a large number of birds of prey, such as eagles, bearded vultures, vultures, falcons, owls and hawks. Fish are abundant
The climatic diversity provides two very different vegetation types. On the one hand we find in the Cantabrian region exuberant vegetation with vast forests that consists of deciduous trees. . The second major vegetation zone in Spain is determined by a dry summer climate that can be divided into two vegetation groups: those of the central plateau, la Meseta, and the Iberian lowland on the one hand, and on the other hand, the Spanish Mediterranean. Spain is home to over 8,000 species of vegetation
The average flight time from Amsterdam Schiphol Airport to the Spanish mainland is 2 to 3 hours, it's about 1,400 km. To the Canary Islands the flight time is between 4 and 5 hours, the distance is about 3600 km. Spain has 105 airports across the country, of which 33 for international flights
The name Spain (Spanish: España) is derived from the Latin name Hispania
Spain occupies 80% of the Iberian Peninsula. The landscape of Spain consists mainly of plateaus, such as the Spanish Plateau, and mountain ranges such as the Pyrenees and the Sierra Nevada. The main rivers of the country are the Tagus, the Ebro, the Duero, the Guadiana and the Guadalquivir. Spain also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the Spanish enclaves in North Africa. The highest mountain of Spain is the Pico del Teide on the Canary island of Tenerife
Spain is a constitutional parliamentary monarchy. Since 1986, Spain is a member of the European Union. Spain is divided into 17 autonomous regions, which are further divided into provinces. The Spanish overseas territories are part of the European Union, the Eurozone and the Schengen area, there is a border between Ceuta and Melilla and the rest of the Schengen area. In 1982 Spain joined the NATO
Spain has many facilities for disabled people. The Spanish national association of disabled people COCEMFE (Confédération Coordinadora Estatal the minusválidos Fisicos de Espana) gives a guide with tips and recommendations for disabled travelers in Spain
The quality of health care in Spain is very good. All public hospitals are open 24 hours a day for emergencies. Each area in Spain with its own management (Autonomía) has at least one large public hospital. Pharmacies are everywhere, at the weekend shifts are rotating. Be careful for ticks during hiking or campinging, as they may transmit Lyme disease. You reduce the risk of tick bites by covering with clothing and use insect repellent on exposed skin. Tap water is slightly chlorinated and safe drinkable. It can, however cause stomach and intestinal discomfort. These symptoms can be prevented by drinking bottled water. There are, no vaccinations necessary for Spain
Spain has 47,042,984 (2012) inhabitants. The country is to Western European standards still sparsely populated (population: 85.8 / km ²), and the population is very unevenly distributed. The most densely populated areas are found on the various coasts and in the region of Madrid. Spain currently has the largest number of immigrants from Europe. As many as 38.6% of the total immigration towards the European Union in 2005 settled in Spain
Broadband Internet is widely available in Spain. Many hotels, restaurants and bars offer free internet (often wireless) for their guests
Besides Spanish (Castilian) in Spain Catalan, Basque, Galician and Aranese are spoken. Spanish is the only official national language of Spain. The other four are official regional languages
Since 1 January 2002 the euro is introduced in Spain, it replaced the peseta. In every village and every town are sufficient pin opportunities. Creditcards are accepted in most restaurants, gas stations and shops. Domestic and foreign money from an EU country may be freely entered
La Marcha Real (Royal March) is the national anthem of Spain. There is no official text for the music. La Marcha Real is first mentioned in a document dating from 1761, the Libro de los toques Ordenanza militares de la Española Infantería by Manuel de Espinosa, titled marcha Granadera (Grenadiers Mars)
On 12 October in Spain national Day is celebrated, the Día de la Raza, the day Christopher Columbus discovered America
Since its introduction in 1901, seven Spaniards won the Nobel Prize, five of them in the category Literature and two in Medicine: the playwrighter José Echegaray (1904), Santiago Ramón y Cajal Nobel Prize for Medicine (1906), the playwright Jacinto Benavente (1922), the writer Juan Ramón Jiménez (1956), Severo Ochoa for Physiology and Medicine (1959), the poet Vicente Aleixandre (1977) and the writer Camilo José Cela (1989)
In some cases there are in Spain road signs with 1-15 and 16-30. This means that in the day of the month within which the numbers on the board fall on that side of the plate you can park
Since July 3, 2004, there are new rules for people who want to bring their dog or cat on holiday to Spain, you now need an EU passport for animals. This passport is issued by the veterinarian and the animal needs an identification chip or tattoo, this identification number must be on the passport and the passport states that the animal have an inoculations against rabies
Stamps (sellos) are available at post offices and tobacco shops. The stamps are always the words "correos" and "España" are mentioned
Spain still belongs to the cheaper countries in Europe, at the moment the price level is on the rise
The bus network connects almost all places in Spain. The trains of Spain is in the hands of the statecompany RENFE. The rail network connects the cities in Spain. The AVE is the Spanish high-speed line. The AVE train with a speed of 300 km / h from Madrid to Barcelona, Malaga, Seville, Huesca, Valladolid, Valencia and Albacete, and Ourense to Santiago de Compostela. Reservations are required for 1st or 2nd class. There are regular ferries from Spain (Cadiz) and Portugal (Portimao) to the Canary Islands. Also between the islands themselves are regular ferry services. In total, six Spanish cities on a subway. The largest are the metro of Barcelona and Madrid subway, but Valencia, Palma de Mallorca, Bilbao and, since April 2009, Seville have their own underground network.
Spain is traditionally a Catholic country, the dominant religion in Spain is Catholicism. According to the census of 2010, 70.5% of the population is Catholic. 0.2% is Protestant, 2.3% Muslim, 0.4% have a different religion, and 26.6% are areligieus. De Saints James the Greater, John of Avila and St. Teresa of Avila, are the patron saints of Spain.
The national emergency number is 112. The Cuerpo Nacional de Policía (CNP): National Police. Has a blue uniform and operates primarily in cities with more than 30,000 inhabitants. The Cuerpo de la Guardia Civil (GC): Guardia Civil. The uniforms of the police officers are predominantly green, but the colors may vary slightly in some places. If in doubt, always ask for a proof of identity.
Smoking is not permitted in public areas such as bars, restaurants, hotels and theaters, and in waiting areas for public transport
The country code for Spain is 34. There is a 3G network
On the mainland and the Balearic Islands there is no time difference between the Netherlands and Belgium. In the Canary Islands it is one hour earlier in winter and in summer
In Spain servicio, service charge, is often included in the hotel or restaurant bill. A tip of 5% is common
Most traffic rules in Spain are the same as in most pf the European countries. Besides motorways (autopistas) and highways (Vía reservada para Automóviles) there are also autovias, as indicated by a similar sign for the motorway with the text "autovía. On motorways and autovias the maximum speed is 120 k / h, the minimum speed is 60 km / h
EU nationals do not need to be in possession of work permits. A residence permit for a stay of longer than three months is still required. EU nationals must apply for an EU residence card at the police station in the place where they live or work. Non-EU nationals who wish to work in Spain, need a special work visa and a work and residence permit.
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